Kshatriya and others
Next day after finishing the morning duties, both son and father ate their food. And later they sat for the discussion on the subject from the place they had left.
Govinda, did you understand all that was said, yesterday.
Pa, I understood, now please continue with the dharmas of others.
Ok, in the order of discussion, comes the varna of kshatriyas. Kshatriyas are people belonging to warrior class. The important duty of kshatriya is Studying the Vedas but not teaching the Vedas, performing Yagnas not performing Yagnas for others, giving alms according to ones capability and not receiving alms. They can get the yagnas performed through the brahmanas. They have to earn their living by protecting the people, in the service of the king. Through protecting the brahmanas they receive one sixth of the grace or blessings they aquire. The king is the foremost among all the kshatriyas. Though the duties of the other kshatriya is not discussed in detail, the duties of the king is specified very elaborately.
The king is seen as the form of Vishnu, since he is the god who sustains the world. In the same way the king should help to nurture the kingdom. Like Vishnu in the form other deities sustains, so too the king should use his powers.
Like Indra – the celestial king, the king should control bad people and support his men.
Like Yama – God of death, king should punish bad people without showing any partiality.
Like the five elements –
The Vayu – Wind, roams about outside for wellbeing of people. The king using his spies should collects information of the good and bad of people and takes suitable action.
The Varuna – Rain, he should give all things desired by his people.
Like Agni – Fire, the king should be harsh on the criminals and enemies.
Like Prtvi – Earth, the king should look after all beings with patience.
Like Akasha – space, he should be controlling all the side of his empire without limiting himself.
Like the Sun and Moon he should function. Like the Sun taking away water from earth using his rays, the king should collect tax without troubling people. And, like Moon, people should become happy on seeing him.
Kshatriyas are eligible to be a part of three ashramas, Brahmachari, Grihasta and Vanaprasta.
The Vaishyas – Business class people. The important duty of vaishyas is Studying the Vedas but not teaching the Vedas, performing Yagnas not performing Yagnas for others, giving alms according to ones capability and not receiving alms. They can get the yagnas performed through the brahmanas. Their function is to do business to help the economy of the kingdom to grow. Cultivating the land and giving money on loan are also the karma of vaishya.
Kshatriyas are eligible to be a part of two ashramas, Brahmachari and Grihasta.
The Shudra – working class people. Their main karma is to serve the above three accordingly.